Attorney General Eric Holder suggests that the Department of Justice may try to re-try George Zimmerman, despite his acquittal this past weekend. Lawyer and Discovery Sr. Fellow John Wohlstetter offers the following analysis of the problems facing the DOJ if it does so.
I did a little research on three possible legal avenues, and it appears difficult for any of them to be successfully used against Zimmerman.
The three are: (1) Florida civil case; (2) federal civil rights case; (3) federal hate crimes case.
State Wrongful Death Civil Case
There appears at most a narrow window under Florida law. A defendant who successfully invokes Florida's "stand your ground" (SYG) self-defense law is immune from civil suits
The acquittal in the criminal case was based upon the jury's finding a double negative: the prosecution failed to prove beyond a "reasonable doubt" that Zimmerman did not act in lawful self-defense. That finding is a higher bar than the "fair preponderance of the credible evidence" standard that plaintiff in a civil case must meet. But the judge in a civil suit can nonetheless invoke SYG, and if that happens the civil case avenue is closed.
Federal Civil Rights Criminal Case
From this FBI list of all federal civil rights criminal statutes
So there appears no basis to indict Zimmerman under the criminal civil rights laws, except possibly as indicated next, re hate crimes.
Federal Hate Crimes Case
Under the hate crimes statute
So two things must happen for Zimmerman to be prosecutable for a hate crime: (1) the car must have been shipped via interstate commerce; (2) a new report, by the FBI or other federal agency, must find that racial bias at least in part was Zimmerman's motive for the killing of Marttin.